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Jain Irrigation R&D Biogas work published in International Journals

Research Paper: Solid and Liquid Wastes: Avenues of Collection and Disposal
Published in: International Research Journal of Environment Sciences ISSN 2319–1414 Vol. 2(3), 1–5, March (2013).
Abstract :
For high moisture and organic nutrients–rich Indian wastes, predictably with high methane potential, anaerobic digestion appears to be most suitable option, providing renewable biogas as a substitute for fossil fuels and organic manure as an equally important by–product for soil enrichment. Admittedly, the existing anaerobic technologies are suited to homogeneous wastes, while the same ones for processing heterogeneous solid urban wastes need to be modified by trial and error in the absence of alternative technologies.

Research Paper: Operating Procedures for Efficient Anaerobic Digester Operation.
Published in: Research Journal of Animal, Veterinary and Fishery Sciences Vol. 1(1), 1–4, February (2013) [International Science Congress Association]
Ignorance or unknown fear of handling anaerobic digester should be removed first for its successful operation. While the biochemical reactions inside the digester are complex, concurrent and if not regulated, they become counterproductive resulting into souring or shut down of the digester. For this purpose, detailed procedure is given by focusing underlying principals which regulate biogas output. Finally, factors affecting digester performance are summarize so that maximum output of biogas could be generated, leaving little BOD/COD in the effluent to be used as organic manure without defying the norms set by State Pollution Control Board. For the sake of completeness, method of ORP estimation is given, since its narrow and critical range determines success or failure of anaerobic digestion

Research Paper: Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis, the nosocomial pathogens with special reference to multi–drug resistance and phenotypic characterization.
Published in : International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Practice. Volume 2, Number 1 (2013) pp 1–10, © Research India Publications, http://www.ripublication.com
Among Enterococcus genus, Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis are the main causative agents for serious relevant nosocomial infections such as urinary tract infections (UTIs), endocarditis, bacteremia, intra–abdominal and intra–pelvic abscesses. enterococci, particularly Enterococcus faecium, always had a high level of intrinsic resistance of antimicrobial agents. The mainstay treatment of serious enterococcal infections was the synergistic effect of penicillin/ampicillin or vancomycin and an aminoglycoside. However, by the 2000’s high level resistance i.e. minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ≥ 2000 μg/ml to gentamycin and other aminoglycoside was seen with increasing frequency. As enteroccoci are important nosocomial pathogen accounting for up to 10% of all infections among hospitalized patients.


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